Literary Criticism

Sharing with you notes on various literary theories you may want to consider on your next literary analysis/ criticism: FORMAL CRITICISM is an approach to literature that focuses on the formal elements of a work, such as its language, structure and tone. Formalist critics offer intense examinations of the relationship between form and meaning inContinue reading “Literary Criticism”

Basics of Fiction

Most people spend their leisure time reading various materials like pocketbooks, e-books and comics and even watching telenovelas and teleseryes and films of different genres. Thus, many are truly interested in stories involving the many aspects of life. Basically, all these that we enjoy are manifestations of man’s power to reconstruct and recreate life. Thus,Continue reading “Basics of Fiction”

Figures of Speech

Figurative language is a type of language that varies from the norms of literal language, in which words mean exactly what they say. Also known as the “ornamentals of language,” figurative language doest not mean exactly what it says, but instead forces the reader to make an imaginative leap in order to comprehend the poet’sContinue reading “Figures of Speech”

Basics of Poetry

Poetry is one form of literature which is known for its highly aesthetic and emotional appeal. It is indeed a majestic form of literature. It has its own qualities that mainly represent  This is mainly represent the artist’s style, perspective and disposition. Thus, similar to visual arts, the total beauty of poetic work is aContinue reading “Basics of Poetry”


On this day 48 years ago, dictator Ferdinand Marcos placed the entire country under martial law — remembered as one of the darkest chapters in Philippine history. Under the military rule, several institutions were abolished, media was closed down, human rights were violated, civilians were arrested, and activists, some were innocent, were killed. Here’s aContinue reading “BY THE NUMBERS: MARTIAL LAW UNDER THE MARCOS REGIME”

How to make WFH work?

Imagine: Your office chair is your couch. Your commute is the length of your hallway. Your canteen is your kitchen. Your officemates are well…your kids, partner and the dogs and neighbours. Think it’s a dream? Not these days when we’re all learning how to live with the reality that cover-19 is still here. Work-from-home jobsContinue reading “How to make WFH work?”

The Presentation and the Structure of Literature

Literary genres include drama, the short story, novel, poetry, essay and epic. whatever the literary genre, each is characterised by a particular manner of presentation wherein we see clearly the relationship existing among the author, the audience and the literature itself. Genre Audience Author Work Drama  Group Absent  Performed  Epic  Group  Present  Recited  Short storyContinue reading “The Presentation and the Structure of Literature”

Getting Ready for Literature

It has been a common understanding among people that reading is mainly for the acquisition of knowledge and for entertainment. With this, it is necessary to discern that much information concerning man as well as the other related aspects and dimensions of his entirety can be best obtained through reading literature. Also, most people areContinue reading “Getting Ready for Literature”

Main Ingredients of Literature

For almost two decades of teaching Philippine literature, I cannot deny that the first definition taught to me still holds true today, even in the time of corona. Pardon but pun intended. Hihi. Literature is life. It practically mirrors everything that is happening in the society—all the good and the bad experiences and all theContinue reading “Main Ingredients of Literature”

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